Amman / Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
Arab Region’s Capital of Islamic Culture 2017
The history of Amman goes back to 7000 BC, making it one of the world’s oldest inhabited cities. Amman is an ancient city that sits atop the ruins of a city that was first called “Rabbath Ammoun”, then Philadelphia, and ultimately Amman, derived from Rabbath Ammoun. The city, built on seven hills, was the Ammonites’ capital and seemingly the region’s center at the time.
Amman’s different monuments are indicative of the many civilizations it witnessed over its long history, especially the Ammonite civilization.
The Roman Amphitheater is located in East Amman, on Al Jawfa mountainside facing Amman Citadel. The amphitheater was used for theatrical, musical and artistic shows. Next to it is the Forum Square, and together they occupy 7600 m2. Both the amphitheater and square were built in the 2nd century BC. There are two museums on both sides of the amphitheater: the Jordan Folklore Museum, which documents the evolution of Jordanian lifestyle and Jordanians’ use of tools and furniture throughout the previous century, especially in the countryside, and Jordan Museum of Popular Traditions, devoted to traditional costumes, jewelry, cosmetic items used by women in Jordanian cities.
As for Jabal al-Qal’a (Citadel Hill), which stands 135 meters above sea level, it still encloses remnants of Ammonite palaces, and components of Islamic heritage dating back to the Umayyad era such as the Umayyad Palace, the Umayyad Water Cistern and the Umayyad Mosque. On top of Jabal Al-Qal’a, there is the Jordan Archaeological Museum, established in 1951.
In addition to holy sites associated with biblical prophets, the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan boasts a rich Islamic heritage which includes mausoleums, mosques and sites echoing events having marked the lives of companions of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).
King Hussein Mosque in Amman is the official and biggest mosque of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. The mosque, which was built in 2006, reflects the Islamic architecture predominant in many archeological sites in Jordan.
As one of the most important cultural centers in the Middle East, Jordan is known for its cultural and artistic buoyancy and its capital Amman offers a number of prestigious theaters, showrooms and art exhibitions. Jabal al-Qal’a and the Roman Amphitheater are the most important theaters in Amman.
Amman is also home to numerous museums such as the Jordan National Gallery of Fine Arts, Jordan Museum, Jordan Museum of Popular Traditions, the Martyrs’ Memorial and Museum, Jordan Archaeological Museum, Children’s Museum, and the Royal Automobile Museum.