Niamey: the 2012 Capital of Islamic Culture for the African region


Niamey is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Niger. It is a major economic, cultural and administrative center.

Location of Niamey in the Republic of Niger


Niamey lies on the Niger River, in the southwestern part of the country. The Republic of Niger is divided into 8 regions: Agadez, Diffa, Dosso, Maradi, Tahoua, Tillabéri, Zinder and Niamey which is the main centre for trade and export of agricultural products. Most of the political, industrial, commercial and cultural activities are concentrated in the capital.


Niamey was founded in the 18th century. The French developed a colonial post in this region in the 1890’s. This rapidly grew into an important economic center. In 1926, Niamey became the capital of Niger. Currently, the population of Niamey is estimated at over 1.5 million. This growth is mainly due to migration during droughts.

Great Mosque in Niamey

Main attractions of Niamey:

Niamey boasts many attractions such as the Niger National Museum, the zoo, the museum of vernacular architecture and the craft centre. The city has also a small international airport. Yantala is another attraction of the city which is distinguished by its fascinating scenery.
The city has also manufacturing industries producing bricks, ceramic goods, cement and weaving and small food commodities. Niamey hosts buildings of government offices. Most of the population live in crowded areas alongside the Niger River.

Niamey by night