ISESCO JOURNAL of Science and Technology
The Official Journal of ISESCO Centre for Promotion of Scientific Research

Abstract

Water is essential for socio-economic development and for maintaining healthy ecosystems. Properly managed water resources are a critical component of growth. Water resources management aims to optimize the available natural water flows, including surface and ground water, to satisfy these competing needs. Exacerbating the uncertainty, climate change will increase the complexity of managing water resources. In some parts of the world, there will be more water available, but in other parts there will be less. The ability of countries to make more water available for domestic, agricultural, industrial and environmental uses will depend on better management of water resources and more cross-sectoral planning and integration. Economic development and population growth in the UAE are exerting great pressure on water resources. Since the UAE lacks dependable surface resources, it relies on groundwater and seawater desalination to meet these needs. Continuous population growth, rising living standards and expanding agricultural and industrial activities have led to a greater demand for fresh water. The harsh arid climate of the UAE, with low annual rainfall, presents several difficulties for the sustainable supply of water. The UAE has one of the lowest national renewable water resource capacities, which on a per capita basis, equals 64 m3 per year, or the equivalent of 1% of the world average. To supplement the limited renewable natural water resources, overall water resources in the UAE include groundwater, desalination, surface water and treated wastewater. These sources are required to progressively meet increasing demands from agriculture, utility supply, commerce and industry.

Keywords: Climate, Flajes, Ground Water, Water Resources.