AbstractThe buildings of the future should be designed with features that meet the anticipated challenges of technological, environmental, and societal progress. When increasingly sophisticated communications and control systems are integrated into a building’s design, the door is opened to endless innovations; when incorporated into construction procedures, energy consumption is contained and the environment is better protected. Through smart construction, a more comfortable built environment can be created while simultaneously reducing a site’s carbon footprint. Green building combines technology and living practices to modify water efficiency and increase energy efficiency. The use of eco-friendly materials and innovative procedures will result in optimised energy performance, extra commissioning measurements and verification, and continual carbon dioxide monitoring. This is essential as Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) and Building Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Method (BREEAM) schemes are expected to become future requisites for any construction project, large or small. Self-sustaining buildings will be the best solution for meeting the ever-growing technological demand on energy, as well as many countries’ stated goals of independence from carbon-based energy sources.
Keywords: Buildings, Building Design, Energy Efficiency, Green Buildings, Smart Buildings, Sustainable Buildings.